niedziela, 15 listopada 2015

10 Air Crashes Caused By Heavy Pilot Error

A new top 10 this week, this time now Top, since it's a post about air crashes.
These 10 air crashes were caused either by some form of errors caused by toxicated pilots, pilots commiting heavy negligence of flying rules or unprofessionalism. In general, groos flying errors.
In this case, the order doesn't really matter.
No.10 Japan Airlines 1977 Anchorage Crash

Aircraft: Dc-8-62F
Fatalities: 5
Occupants: 5 (3 crew and 2 passangers)
On 13th January, 1977 a Dc-8 cargo airplane crashed a 300 metres of the runway at Anchorage airport. The cause of the crash was a stall caused by the captain's excessive maneuvers. The plane took off to early and began it's climb at an angle which was too high. In addition, the plane's crew made several errors while taxiing.
The entire situation was caused by the airplane's captain being drunk. When a taxi drive drove him up to the airport, the driver insisted, that the captain shouldn't be allowed to fly this day, but he was told that the crew will see that their captain is unable to fly and throw him out. However, that didn't happen.
You can see crash site photographs here:
http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19890607-2
No.9 GP Express Airlines Beechcraft C99 Crash

Aircraft: Beechcraft C99
Fatalities: 2
Occupants: 2
During a training flight that was being conducted from and to Grand Island, Nebraska a Beech C99 crew was discusing their expierience with various types of rolls. The pilot flying suggested that he can try to do a barell roll. The pilot not flying didn't make any comments and didn't warn the pilot flying about the possible danger. Shortly before the maneuver that completes the roll, the plane crahsed, killing both pilots.
No.8 Air India Express Flight 812

Aircraft:Boeing 737-800
Fatalities: 158 
Occupants: 166 (160 passangers and 6 crew)
 In,morning one the 22nd of May, 2010 A Boeing 737 belonging to Air India Express was closing Mangalore Intl. airport, india. The plane started it's flight in Dubai. Mangalore's airport is a difficult one with a two runways, the longest being a 2450m. one. The airport is a 'tabletop' airport and it ends with a steep edge.The captain of the flight was a Serbian aged 55, who had previously worked in another Indian airline-Jet aiways. His copilot had much less experience and had joined Air India Express a year before the accident.
The plane was following the ILS approach, but was clearly too high. The plane was however given clearence to land and touched down 1600 m. down the runway. It didn't magae to stop, overrun the runway and plunged into the steep edge of the table-top airport after having passed 240 m. 158 perished in the accident, including both pilots.
the cause fo the crash was apparently the captain's unproffesional behaviour. He was asleep during the descent, and after waking up he didn't make the proper decision and decided not to abort the landing. On par with the captian's behaviour, the copilot had also shown signs of fatigue based on the CVR recording. This led to such a situation. In the final moments before the crash, the pilots were trying to abort their landing and make a go around. The lack of a radar at Mangalore airport also led to the dramatic situation the eventually caused a devastating crash.
No.7 Trans Colorado Airlines Flight 2268

Aircraft: Swearingen SA227 Metroliner III
Fatalities: 8
Occupants: 17 (15 passangers and 2 crew)
Trans Colorado Airlines flight 2268 took off from Denver Stapelton airport on the 19th of February 1988 bound for Durnago La Plata airport. The plane started it's descend from FL230 to FL160, and then FL150. A few minutes later, the plane was cleared for a VOR/DME approach to Durango airport. On final approach the plane hit a few tress, abruptly pitched up and lost control, crashing.
It turned out that the captain had taken cocaine before the fl;ight and this impacted his performance. On par with that, the frist officer conducted a veru unstable approach and he didn't monitor the flight instruments. The captain wasn't doing so, too and it eventually caused the plane to fly into the ground.
NTSB report on the crash:
http://libraryonline.erau.edu/online-full-text/ntsb/aircraft-accident-reports/AAR89-01.pdf
No.6 Varig Flight 254

Aircraft: Boeing 737-200
Fatalities: 13
Occupants: 54 (48 passangers and 6 crew).
Varig 254 was on a flight from Sao Paulo to Belem on the 3rd of September 1989. The flight 5 (yes, 5!!!) stopovers, the last one being the town of Maraba. After taking off from Maraba, the plane was suppost to fly heading 27, but instead the plane flew heading 270 loosing contact with Belem tower. The plane was low on fuel and soon lost it's engine. Being over the jungle there was no place to land and the 737 made a belly landing in the jungle, fatally injuring a few people. A few other people were critically injured and died after the crash. The plane was found two days later.
What caused this bizzare situation was pilot error. The captain had seen a 0270 heading in his flightplan, believing that it means heading 270 and set heading 270 in his autopilot, whereas it meant heading 27.0. The copilot didn't tell the captain about it (he also set the heading of 270 degrees). During tyhe flight the pilots were heavily distracted, since they were listening to the radio (a football match was taking place at the time).
No.5 Aero Flight 311


Aircraft: Douglas Dc-3
Fatalities: 25
Occupants: 25 (22 passangers and 3 crew).
 The DC-3 belonging to Aero (now Finnair) was flying from Kronoby to Vaasa, both in Finland on the 3rd of January, 1961 when it crashed in Kvevlax. It turned out that the crash was caused by pilot error, in this case, the crew hadn't followed the basic rules of flight and conducted aseries of very dangerous manouvers. They flew at an altitude too low (they requested free flight altitude above a certain minimum) and at one moment they made a turn that was too sharp, resulting in the plane loosing control and crashing. Everyone was killed.
The weird behaviour of the crew was caused by two things, both pilots had insufficient sleep and dunk alcohol the night before (the captain had 2 promiles of alcohol in  his body, whereas the copilot-1.65).
No.4 Aeroflot Flight 6502

Aircraft:Tu-134A
Fatalities:70
Occupants:94 (87 passangers and 7 crew)
Aeroflot Flight 6502 crashed in 1986, on the 20 October killing 70 people. Itt was a flight from Yekaterinburg to Grozny via Samara (then Kuybyshev). During landing, the captain made a bet with the first officer. Hew insisted that he's ghoing to land with no visual contact with the ground, using instruments only. He could use an NDB approach, as suggested by ATC, but he disagreed. The captain had difficulties with making a stable approach and he touched down too fast. He ignored most alarms nor suggestions about going around. As a result the plane overrun the runway and burst into flames. 70 people died, including the captain. The rest of the crew was sentenced to prison for 15 years, but were realesed after 6 years.
No.3 Blackwater 61 Crash

Aircraft: CASA 212
Fatalities: 6
Occupants: 6 (3 passangers and 3 crew)
Blackwater 61 was a flight operated by a Presidential Airways CASA 212, a subsidiary of Blackwater safety company, also operating as Blackwater Aviation for the US Department of Defense. The CASA 212 was carrying military equipment to Farah in Afghanistan on November 7th, 2004. The route takes through mountainous terrain, in which the crew chose to fly. Eventually this wasn't safe as they didn't know the entire route and got lost during low level 'fun flying'. One of the passangers survived intially, but died due to his injuries and very low temperature.
No.2 Aeroflot Flight 593

Aircraft: A310-300
Fatalities: 75
Occupants:7 5 (63 passangers and 12 crew)
Flight 593 took off from Moscow's Sheremetyevo airport on 23rd March 1994 bound for Hong Kong. During cruise at 33000 ft. the captain let showed his children the cockpit. At first, he let his daughter sit at the captain's seat and showed some autopilot features. Then, his son sat at the captain's seat and turned the yoke slightly for a few seconds and moved it back to the neutral position. The captain then showed his son the same things as he did to his daughter. As the Autopilot wanted to come back to it's initially heading, the control wheel inputs interfeared with the planned heading, disconnecting the autopilot control of aeilerons. Other than that, the autopilot was still on.In this situation, the plane started to bank. When it reahced 45 degrees, the copilot attempted to regian control, and the captin to go back to his seat. Their efforts were in vain, because the plane soon lost control. The captain nearly regained it, but the airplane was too low and crashed near Mezhduretshensk.
No.1 1994 Fairchild Air Force Base B-52 Crash

Aircraft: B-52H
Fatalities: 4
Occupants: 4
On the 24th of June, 1994-Czar 52 a B-52H was practising for an airshow. The plane was making low altitude maneuvers over the airbase. At one point, the plane was flying close to the ATC tower at 75 metre altitude, when the captain decided to make a 360 degrees left turn to avoid flying over restricted airspace (a nuclear weapons storage facility). While making the turn, the plane exceeded the bank angle of 80 degrees and entered a stall. The B-52 clipped a power line and crahsed, killing all onboard. It turned out that the captain had bad flying habits with a history of several flyovers at low altitude with an excessive bank or climb angle. The captain had a history of making 80 degree climbs, flying below 100 feet, making excessive turns and maneuvers at airshows, coming to close to other aircraft or offending other crewman when they warned him about his dangerous pilotage.
What do you think?
Which of these pilot's made the biggest mistakes and were the most unproffesional aircraft commanders on this list?
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